A Microsoft Windows’ software framework, .NET, contains a vast number of customizable software libraries and utilizes a streamlined interface for creating applications. Programmers are given the freedom to take their own source code and merge it with the.NET Framework to develop applications for network communications, GUI functions, database access, web development, and many more. The .NET Framework is capable of operating codes from multiple programming languages, giving developers unrestricted autonomy over their work.
.NET® MVC — Razor View Engine
ASP.Net MVC is a software framework geared towards web application development. The framework provides vast libraries for dynamic website and web service creation. It also utilizes the MVC design pattern (Model-View-Controller) which segregates an application into data structures, output generation, and input translation. In 2011, the Razor view engine was released. Razor employs the C# language and acts as a simple-syntax template that streamlines HTML construction. With Razor, the number of keystrokes is significantly reduced and web programming is more efficient.
508 Accessibility Checking
Section 508 is a legal standard that pertains to the accessibility of electronic information technology. The main goal of 508 accessibility is to ensure every federally developed technology can be used by those with or without disabilities. The policy applies to everything except for sensitive, cryptological information. Section 508 is a policy that ensures freedom of information for everyone, regardless of their physical condition. If a federal electronic document cannot be accessed by a person, 508 provides a way to file official complaints.
Amazon DynamoDB Web Services Platforms
Amazon DynamoDB is part of the NoSQL database system of Amazon Web Services. It’s designed to address the root problems of database performance, reliability, management, and scalability. Compared to other Amazon services, it allows developers to purchase a service based on throughput instead of storage with all data items automatically spread to a number of suitable Solid State Drives (SSDs) for optimum performance. The Amazon DynamoDB also provides Hadoop via Elastic MapReduce for integration.
Amazon EC2 Web Services Platform
Amazon EC2 (Elastic Compute Cloud is one of the components of the cloud-based Amazon Web Services. EC2 offers a virtual computing platform to run applications. Users choose or configure an Amazon Machine Image for their needs and have immediate access to whatever resources are required. Changing resource needs are easily and quickly accommodated. The cost of EC2 and other services reflects the scalability of cloud computing — the price of each service is based on the client’s usage.
Amazon S3 Web Services Platform
Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) is a leading online storage facility that allows reading, writing, and deleting large amounts of data at a highly affordable price. Users can upload files of up to 5 terabytes each with no limit to the number. S3 runs on the same infrastructure as other Amazon-owned services and guarantees an identical level of security and accessibility. Protocol and functional layers are selectable, and a vast number of options are available to provide the best user experience.
Big Data refers to management of professional databases that become so large and unwieldy that methods of management that are used on smaller databases are ineffective. The issue is prevalent in the scientific community, as well as large financial institutions. These companies will deal with enormous volumes of data that reach into the zettabytes, or 10^21 bytes of data. To put this massive number in perspective, a zettabyte could contain 10^14, or 100 trillion, high-quality music files at 10 megabytes each.
Cassandra is an open source distributed database management system created by Apache Software Foundation. It administers extremely large amounts of information spread across various commodity servers, all while providing fast service without a point of failure. The NoSQL solution was originally created for the inbox search feature of Facebook and remained in use by them until late 2010. In February of 2010, it became a top-level project. Simply put, it has a vote confidence from the Apache Software Foundation.
Content Management Systems
Content Management Systems (CMS) are commonly used in website management. These systems enable collaborative work efforts by allowing users to publish, edit, and modify content according to centralized rules that ensure consistent output. The content contained in these systems, which are increasingly web-based, may include text, graphics, video, audio, and more. Content management systems are incredibly flexible in that both content and design can be altered without a change in one affecting the other.
CSS3 vs. CSS
A technology that works along with HTML for website design, CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets .The language helps apply settings to broader portions of the document, without the need to consistently reiterate common settings to multiple instances of an object. CSS3 is the most recent advancement in the architecture of CSS. It allows for faster page loading, smaller file size, and fewer requests sent through the Internet through a number of design improvements.
Data visualization has much to do with information visualization, information graphics, statistical graphics and scientific visualization. It’s the study of data of visual representation or the attempt to recognize information in a visual or graphical way. Data visualization should be able to clearly produce information, while being vibrant and exciting. The key is finding the balance. Sophisticated data visualization graphs should excite the senses, but also effectively communicate the information.
A user-friendly Content Management System (CMS), ExpressionEngine is very flexible in design and has many different modules that are useful for users for many different design purposes, such as blogs, wikis, ecommerce, and membership sites. ExpressionEngine is created by EllisLab with the purpose of being easier to use than other CMS’, as it does not require knowledge of PHP and features an extensive, easily referenced, online documentation library.
HTML5 (Hypertext Markup Language) is the latest version of the protocol that determines how web pages appear to visitors. Developed with tablet computers and smartphones in mind and strengthening its position as the backbone of the Internet, a distinctive HTML5 feature is the introduction of tags including video, audio, and canvas. Although not scheduled for completion until 2014, it’s already supported by the majority of browsers and many sites have already converted.
Java is a high-level, object-oriented, general-purpose programming language that is commonly used today in the form of applets that run on web browsers. It was created by Sun Microsystems and uses syntax highly similar to C and C++. Java is notable for its security measures, wide range of features, and suitability to create Web-based applications. Most modern browsers are now Java-compatible in order to instantly run applets, a testament to the language’s widespread use and popularity.
Java Spring is an application framework developed by Java Enterprise that gives developers the ability and flexibility to compose and configure complex programs using basic Java components. It’s a functional application that offers reliable infrastructure ability and framework integration that can simplify the workload needed in developing a new program. In addition, thanks to Java Spring’s lightweight inversion, developers can now also easily cut the overhead resource of a project, minus the risk of sustaining any ramp-up time.
MongoDB gets its name from the word “huMONGOus” — a very apt name for this very special database system. Its flexible data structure and auto-sharing features, its capacity to store data in JSON-like documents (called BSON in the MongoDB vernacular) and its ability to index and query any field in a document, makes Mongo a very adaptable, powerful, and effective tool. When compared to relational database management systems, MongoDB stands out by due to its performance and ease of use.
MS SQL Server
MS SQL Server is Microsoft’s flagship relational database management system. It is available in various formats including Data Center, Workgroup and Web versions for mainstream use and specialized editions such as the cloud-based Azure and the enterprise-scale Fast Track. Proven to be effortlessly scalable, flexible and reliable, strong business adoption of MS SQL Server and a potential ROI of up to 189% in one year, has ensured that Microsoft consistently ranks as a top three RDBMS platform vendor.
PHP or Hypertext Preprocessor is an HTML server-side scripting language that provides web developers the ability to build interactive and dynamic HTML pages. A free software, it focuses on server-side scripting that can run on all major operating systems including MS Windows, Linux, and Mac OS X. PHP software is also an efficient alternative to programs such as Microsoft’s ASP as it provides a range of database support particularly in scripting HTML pages using different extensions.
Progressive Enhancement (PE) is a method used to build websites, concentrating on the basics and gradually adding enhancements. You can add enhancements to help the user-agents who visit your website and decide for yourself when they will benefit from them. Graceful Degradation (GD) is often compared to PE as it uses the opposite web-building methods. GD begins with a complex website and gradually simplifies. PE is a more reliable method as it provides a secure baseline to your website.
Responsive Web Design
Responsive Web Design (RWD) refers to web design that allow the use of CSS3 media queries with proportion-based grids to fit the layout of the viewing space. This allows users access to the content with a variety of devices and browsers without the need for much, if any, resizing, panning, or scrolling. The benefits of RWD are especially appreciated by mobile web users.
WordPress was first created in 2003 as an open-source blogging platform. Since then, it has developed into a feature rich and fully functional web-based CMS that is extremely popular with millions of users worldwide. A vast library of free and premium themes allows the basic template design of a WordPress site to be customized to exact specifications. Equally, thousands of plugins including forms, galleries, SEO tools, and ecommerce shopping carts enable the basic WordPress design to be adapted to suit almost any purpose.